umlaut [oom′lout]
[Ger, change of sound (< um, about + laut, sound, akin to LOUD): coined (1774) by F. G. Klopstock (1724-1803), Ger poet, but first used in special senses by Jakob GRIMM Jakob (Ludwig Karl) (1819)] Linguis.
a) a historical change in the sound of a vowel, caused by its assimilation to another vowel or semivowel originally occurring in the next syllable but later sometimes lost; mutation: in English, the differences of vowel in certain singulars and plurals (Ex.: footfeet, mousemice) or in certain causative verbs and the words from which they are derived (Ex.: goldgild) are due to the effects of umlaut on the second word of each pair
b) a vowel resulting from such assimilation
2. the diacritical mark (¨) placed over a vowel, esp. in German, to indicate umlaut: cf. DIERESIS
to modify the sound of (a vowel) or write (a vowel) with an umlaut

English World dictionary. . 2014.

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  • Umlaut — Um laut, n. [G., from um about + laut sound.] (Philol.) The euphonic modification of a root vowel sound by the influence of a, u, or especially i, in the syllable which formerly followed. [1913 Webster] Note: It is peculiar to the Teutonic… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • umlaut — (n.) 1852, from Ger. umlaut change of sound, from um about (see AMBI (Cf. ambi )) + laut sound, from O.H.G. hlut (see LISTEN (Cf. listen)). Coined 1774 by poet Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock (1724 1803) but first used in its current sense 1819 by… …   Etymology dictionary

  • umlaut — /ˈumlaut, ted. ˈumˌlaot/ [vc. ted., comp. di um, che indica cambiamento e Laut «suono»] s. m. inv. 1. (ling.) metafonesi, metafonia 2. (est.) dieresi …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • umlaut — ùmlaut m DEFINICIJA gram. razg. prijeglas, preglašeni vokal (npr. ä, ü, ö) ETIMOLOGIJA njem. Umlaut …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Umlaut — Umlaut, in den germanischen Sprachen bei der Flexion die Verdünnung od. Trübung eines reinen (einfachen u. ursprünglichen) Vocals in der Wurzel durch Einfluß des i, so daß aus a ä, aus o ö, aus u. ü, aus au äu wird, z.B. Hände, Höfe, Krüge, trüge …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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